What is Education?

Education is the process of facilitated learning, the acquisition of relevant knowledge, abilities, practices, values, attitudes, beliefs, customs and personal development. The curriculum must be developed in such a way that it equips the students with the basic skills and knowledge required for the day-to-day activities.

Educational systems are designed to develop understanding, creativity, self-awareness, communication, decision-making, teamwork and problem-solving skills. Educational systems can be formal and institutional, or non-formal and non-traditional. A thorough understanding of what constitutes a formal education takes place when we consider what a primary education is. A primary education is the first phase of any curriculum and takes place at the primary level.

A primary education involves the fundamental teaching of reading, writing and basic administrative skills. A primary school often takes place in a classroom and is formally supervised by teachers who are hired on a rotational basis by the parents, and is generally planned as a co-curricular activity. An education system may include a formal learning institution like a school, university or a university tutoring program or an informal learning system like an after-school program.


Informal education systems take place in the form of neighborhood care programs and sports programs. An informal education system can be quite effective and also provide some emotional support to struggling parents. But even the most well-intentioned curricula can have a negative impact on the social development of disadvantaged youth, especially when it is not well matched with the family’s needs and expectations. It is therefore important to understand and to design curriculum and educational interventions that will work best with the family as a whole.

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