Lifestyle is an overall description of a person’s general attitudes, interests, behaviors, and social orientations. The word was first introduced by Austrian psychiatrist Alfred Adler in his famous 1929 book, The Case of Miss R. With the implication of “the general nature of human behavior as established early on in childhood”, the concept was soon adopted by the international school, the University of Michigan, as a research emphasis.
The word lifestyle was first used in order to suggest the mental and physical conditions necessary for healthy living. Thus, the focus of this concept is to promote and maintain healthy living, which is, at the same time, a source of psychological well being. A healthy lifestyle is one characterized by appropriate diet and regular physical activity, and in addition, avoiding unhealthy practices such as smoking and alcohol abuse.
In order to promote a healthy lifestyle, individuals need to make a number of lifestyle changes. These lifestyle changes include, but are not limited to the following: adopt balanced eating; avoid high fat and high sugar content foods; avoid unhealthy habits (which include, but are not limited to: smoking, drinking, use of drugs, etc. ); reduce stress management; lose weight if desired; quit addictive habits (including, but not limited to: gambling, drinking, etc. ); quit physical activities that increase the stress levels of the individual; implement an effective stress management program; attend therapy sessions.
The above mentioned aspects are the concrete factors that lend a hand in creating a healthier lifestyle. However, it must be noted that even within these concrete factors, there are innumerable individual components, each contributing a certain amount of weight gain or loss to the overall lifestyle. Therefore, in order to be successful in achieving and maintaining any healthy lifestyle, one must strive and commit himself/herself to the above mentioned lifestyle changes, even if they are initially perceived as difficult or cumbersome.
Therefore, although they opine that health problems can be solved through exercise, diet and stress management, they also provide guidelines for dealing with health problems associated with excessive alcohol consumption, smoking, overeating and other similar unhealthy behaviors. These programs, they opine, can effectively lead to the cure of most major health problems such as heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, depression, fatigue, skin problems, weight problems and many more.